The properties of sapphire make it one of the most enigmatic and sought-after materials in the world. Not only is it extraordinarily hard and resistant to wear, but it also allows light to pass through with ease, making it perfect for use in optics and medical instruments. Its broad range of uses makes this mineral indispensable to any industry looking for the highest quality components.
At Specialty Ball, we have the expertise to produce a variety of miniature and micro precision components including synthetic ruby-sapphire, synthetic clear sapphire, and large synthetic gem balls according to A.F.B.M.A. standards of quality. From the medical, scientific, and optical industries, to the mechanical and engineering field, our sapphire products give you superior performance.
In this article, we will dive into the physical and technical characteristics that make sapphire one of the most precious and sought-after materials on the planet. Through exploring its incredible properties, you can gain insight into where and how this mineral can be used in a variety of applications.
Physical Properties of Sapphire
Sapphire is the crystalline form of aluminum oxide that can range in color from clear to deep blue. It is generally found in metamorphic rocks where ions of iron create lightening nighttime blue hues. These tones can variate from blue-green to pink.
The hardness of natural sapphires varies according to the grade. Generally speaking, natural sapphires measure in at 9 on the Mohs scale, which is only slightly less than the hardness of diamonds (10). As such, when cut and polished, sapphires make for extremely durable components that are resistant to wear.
The hardness, durability, and crystal structure of sapphire make it ideal for many industrial and engineering applications. On top of that, this mineral has low thermal expansion and high thermal conductivity. It also has a low coefficient of friction, meaning it can be used to create incredibly precise components.
Technical Properties of Sapphire
When it comes to sapphire, its most obvious technical quality is its optical clarity. The combination of its refractive index of 1.77 and its low dispersion allows it to transmit multiple wavelengths of light. This makes it perfect for any use on optical instruments, like lenses, prisms, and other components. This also makes it ideal for parts in medical or laboratory instruments and devices.
Sapphire components are also perfect for use in extremely corrosive or safe environments. This material is inert in many harsh chemical environments and can be used in extreme temperatures. This makes it a superior choice for many scientific and engineering applications where other components would simply not be able to work in such extreme conditions.
Sapphire is an incredible mineral with a wide range of uses. From its superior hardness to its amazing optical properties, sapphire provides you with components of the highest quality. At Specialty Ball, we have the expertise to deliver a variety of miniature and micro precision components you can trust.
We hope that this article has given you insight into the unique characteristics that make up sapphire and how it can be used in a variety of industries.