Synthetic sapphire properties can be confusing to manufacturers looking for high-quality components. Knowing the distinctions and compositions of synthetic sapphire is essential for manufacturers that want to make an informed decision when purchasing products. Specialty Ball, a leading manufacturer of miniature and micro precision components for scientific, medical and optical instruments, gauges, and other applications, offers synthetic ruby sapphire, synthetic clear sapphire, large synthetic gem balls, and A.F.B.M.A. graded balls. In this article, we provide an extensive overview of synthetic sapphire properties for manufacturers in the United States.
What is Synthetic Sapphire?
Synthetic sapphire is a lab-created gemstone with the same chemical composition, physical, and optical properties as natural sapphire. It is more affordable than natural sapphire and is usually uniform in color and clarity. It is scratch-resistant, and its hardness makes it an ideal choice for use in a variety of industrial processes. It can also be used in the production of jewelry.
Properties of Synthetic Sapphires
Physically, synthetic sapphires share properties with its natural counterpart. Synthetic sapphire is very hard and tends to be more scratch-resistant than natural sapphires. It is also relatively brittle and can be prone to cracking if subjected to shocks or vibrations. Synthetic sapphires may also lack some of the color variations found in natural sapphires. Also, synthetic sapphire can vary in size and shape.
Optically, synthetic sapphires have many of the same properties as natural sapphires. They are very transparent, can have a variety of colors, and can even simulate diamond fire. There is variability, however, when it comes to the light-scattering ability and refractive index of synthetic sapphires. Some synthetic sapphires have a lower refractive index, making them less capable of refracting and diffracting light than natural sapphires.
Chemical Properties of Synthetic Sapphires
Synthetic sapphires have the same chemical composition as natural sapphires. They are made of aluminum oxide (Al2O3) and have a Mohs scale hardness of 9 – 9.5. Synthetic sapphires also have a high melting point, making them able to tolerate temperatures in industrial applications, such as electrical components or valves.
Synthetic sapphires can also be made to have a variety of coatings, such as antireflective and scratch-resistant coatings. These coatings enhance the performance of the sapphire in industrial applications and can also increase the value of the stone.
Applications of Synthetic Sapphires
Synthetic sapphires have a number of uses in industrial processes and applications.
They are used in the production of precision components for medical and optical instruments, as well as gauges and other devices. They are also used in the aerospace industry, as well as in cutting tools and bearings. Synthetic sapphires can also be used in the production of jewelry, as well as for decorative purposes.
When looking for components with the properties and qualities afforded by synthetic sapphire, manufacturers in the United States should make sure to understand all of the nuances involved with selecting and using synthetic sapphires. Synthetic sapphires are chemically the same as natural sapphires, and have many of the same physical and optical properties, although some of them vary slightly. Synthetic sapphires can be used for a variety of industrial processes and applications, and can even be used to make jewelry. Specialty Ball is your premier manufacturer of miniature and micro precision components – let us help you create the perfect synthetic sapphire for your needs.